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EEPs and ESBs

Giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridacytla) EEPEAZA presently has two different levels of breeding programme, the European Endangered species Programme (EEP) and the European StudBook (ESB).

EEP

The EEP is the most intensive type of population management for a species kept in EAZA zoos. Each EEP has a coordinator (someone with a special interest in and knowledge of the species concerned, who is working in an EAZA zoo or aquarium). He or she is assisted by a Species Committee.

The coordinator has many tasks to fulfill, such as collecting information on the status of all the animals of the species for which he or she is responsible kept in EAZA zoos and aquariums, producing a studbook, carrying out demographical and genetical analyses, and producing a plan for the future management of the species.

Marabou stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus) ESBTogether with the Species Committee, recommendations are made each year on which animals should breed or not breed, which individual animals should go from one zoo to another, and so on. This is much work, and EAZA is fortunate that so many people in so many EAZA zoos have taken on such a complicated task.

ESB

The ESB (European StudBook) is less intensive than the EEP programme. The studbook keeper who is responsible for a certain ESB collects all the data on births, deaths, transfers, etc., from all the EAZA zoos and aquariums that keep the species in question. These data are entered in special computer software programmes, which allow the studbook keeper to carry out analyses of the population of that species. EAZA zoos may ask the studbook keepers for recommendations on breeding or transfers.

By collecting and analysing all the relevant information on the species, the studbook keeper can judge if it is doing well in EAZA zoos and aquariums, or if maybe a more rigid management is needed to maintain a healthy population over the long term. In that case, the studbook keeper may propose that the species be managed as an EEP programme.


Complete List of EEPs and ESBs
 

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English NameScientific NameProgramInstitutionContactYear of Establishment
Partula snailPartula sspp.EEPLONDONPaul Pearce-Kelly1996
Fregate Island beetlePolposipus herculeanusEEPLONDONAmanda Ferguson2002
Horned sharkHeterodontus francisciESBAMSTERDAMWarren Spencer2011
Zebra sharkStegostoma fasciatumESBGENOVASilvia Lavorano2007
Sandbar sharkCarcharhinus plumbeusESBANTIBESJean Philippe Catteau2010
Blacktip reef sharkCarcharhinus melanopterusESBCHESSINGTONChris Brown2013
SawfishPristis zijsron and Pristin microdon ESBVALENCIA-OCEAKate Duke2012
Blue spotted maskrayNeotrygon kuhliiESBWIEN-AQUADaniel Abed-Navandi2010
Blue spotted stingrayTaeniura lymmaESBLISBOA-OCEANuria Baylina2007
Spotted eagle rayAetobatus ocellatusESBARNHEMMax Janse2010
Short-snouted seahorseHippocampus hippocampusESBCHESSINGTONOlivia Walter2010
Long-snouted seahorseHippocampus guttulatusESBGENOVALaura Castellano2010
Mountain chicken frogLeptodactylus fallaxESBCHESTERGerardo Garcia2004
Spider tortoisePyxis arachnoidesESB2011
Egyptian tortoiseTestudo kleinmanniEEPSTUTTGARTHenk Zwartepoorte2000
Galapagos giant tortoiseGeochelone nigraESBZURICHSamuel Furrer2004
Radiated tortoiseGeochelone radiataESBESKILSTUNALinn Lagerstrom2003
Ploughshare tortoiseGeochelone yniphoraEEPJERSEYMatthias Goetz2011
Pancake tortoiseMalacochersus tornieriESBBRISTOLTim Skelton2002
Spiny hill turtleHeosemys spinosaESBLISBOA-ZOOTelma Araujo2002
Giant Asian pond turtleHeosemys grandisESBPRAHAIvan Rehak2002
Malayan box turtleCuora amboinensisESBPLOCK Pending2003
Black marsh turtleSiebenrockiella crassicollisESBPLOCK Pending2003
Malaysian giant turtleOrlitia borneensisESBPRAHAIvan Rehak2002
Chinese alligatorAlligator sinensisEEPRANDERSHenrik Herold2001
Cuban crocodileCrocodylus rhombiferESBPAIGNTONMichael Bungard2010
Philippine crocodileCrocodylus mindorensisESBKOLNThomas Ziegler2012
African dwarf crocodileOsteolaemus tetraspisESBLEIPZIGFabian Schmidt2005
TomistomaTomistoma schlegeliiESBFUENGIROLAGonzalo Fernandez-Hoyo2006
Yellow-headed day geckoPhelsuma klemmeriESBBRISTOLTim Skelton2004
Gila monsterHeloderma suspectumEEPRANDERS Pending1991
Mexican beaded lizardHeloderma horridumEEPRANDERS Pending1991
Fiji banded iguanaBrachylophus bulabula and B. fasciatusESBWIEN-ZOOAnton Weissenbacher2010
Rhinoceros iguanaCyclura cornutaESBFRANKFURTThomas Tikatsch1996
Utila spiny-tailed iguanaCtenosaura bakeriESB2002
Komodo dragonVaranus komodoensisEEPCHESTERGerardo Garcia2001
Green tree monitorVaranus prasinusESBDUSSELDORFSandra Honigs2004
Savu Island pythonLiasis savuensisESBPRESCOTChristopher John Pye2011
Cuban boaEpicrates anguliferEEPPRAHAIvan Rehak1993
Jamaican boaEpicrates subflavusEEPTOURNAIChristopher Remy2001
Madagascar tree boaSanzinia madagascariensisESBWARSZAWAOlga Pofelska2002
San Francisco garter snakeThamnophis sirtalis tetrataeniaESBLODZWlodek Stanislawski2005
North African ostrichStruthio camelus camelusEEPHANNOVERMaren Frerking2011
Lesser rheaPterocnemia pennataESBPAIGNTONPeter Smallbones2010
Southern cassowaryCasuarius casuariusESBALPHENJoost Lammers2004
Black-footed penguinSpheniscus demersusEEPAMSTERDAMCorinne Bos1996
Humboldt penguinSpheniscus humboldtiEEPTWYCROSSAnna Westbury1992
King penguinAptenodytes patagonicaEEPEDINBURGHLynda Burrill1998
Rockhopper penguinEudyptes chrysocomeESB2004
Gentoo penguinPygoscelis papuaESBEDINBURGHJo Elliott1998
Goliath heronArdea goliathESBHILVARENBEEKRob van Glabbeek2005
HamerkopScopus umbrettaESBMALTONRoss Snipp2002
Yellow-billed storkMycteria ibisESBZLINRoman Horsky2002
Oriental white storkCiconia boycianaEEPWALSRODECathy King2001
Black storkCiconia nigraESBWARSZAWARyszard Topola1996
Abdim's storkCiconia abdimiiESBLONDONZuzana Matyasova2002
Saddle-billed storkEphippiorhynchus senegalensisESBVILLARS-DOMBESGeraldine Pothet2001
Marabou storkLeptoptilos crumeniferusESBWALSRODECathy King2002
Waldrapp ibisGeronticus eremitaEEPINNSBRUCKChristiane Boehm1991
Dalmatian pelicanPelecanus crispusEEPPOZNANPiotr Cwiertnia1995
Pink-backed pelicanPelecanus rufescensESB2009
Little pied cormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucosESBBERLIN-TIERPARKMartin Kaiser2006
Bank cormorantPhalacrocorax negletusEEPTORQUAYLois Rowell2003
Meller's duckAnas melleriEEPJERSEYHarriet Whitford1996
Baer’s pochardAythya baeriESBPAIGNTONPeter Smallbones2012
White-winged wood duckCairina scutulataESBEAZAWilliam van Lint2012
Scaly-sided merganserMergus squamatusESBBLACKPOOLJohnpaul Houston2013
King vultureSarcorhamphus papaESBARNHEMKim Van de Put1996
Andean condorVultur gryphusEEPDOUE-FONTAINERudy Wedlarski1993
Secretary birdSagittarius serpentariusESBHILVARENBEEKLars Versteege2011
Imperial eagleAquila heliacaESBLIBERECJan Hanel2012
White-tailed sea eagleHaliaeetus albicillaEEPPOZNANPiotr Cwiertnia1995
Steller's sea eagleHaliaeetus pelagicusESBMOSKVALubov Kurilovich1995
Bearded vultureGypaetus barbatusEEPWIEN-UNI_NEHans Frey1993
Egyptian vultureNeophron percnopterusEEPPRAHAAntonin Vaidl2002
Ruppell’s vultureGyps rueppelliiESBROMAYitzhak Yadid2012
Eurasian griffon vultureGyps fulvusESBJEREZ-FRONTERAInigo Sanchez1993
European black vultureAegypius monachusEEPMECHELENMarleen Huyghe1991
White-headed vultureTrigonoceps occipitalisESBALPHENJoost Lammers2011
Lesser kestrelFalco naumanniEEPJEREZ-FRONTERAInigo Sanchez2011
Horned guanOreaphasus derbianusEEPWALSRODE Pending2010
Red-billed curassowCrax blumenbachiiEEPZUTENDAALGeer Scheres2000
Blyth's tragopanTragopan blythiiESBPARIS-JARDINMathieu Dorval2002
Cabot's tragopanTragopan cabotiESBPARIS-JARDINMathieu Dorval2002
Edwards's pheasantLophura edwardsiEEPPRAHATomas Kapic1994
Malayan crestless firebackLophura e. erythropthalmaESB2002
Palawan peacock pheasantPolyplectron napoleonisEEPJERSEYDavid Jeggo1996
Mountain peacock pheasantPolyplectron inopinatumESBAylesburyGavin Harrison2001
Malaysian peacock pheasantPolyplectron malacenseESB2001
Great argus pheasantArgusianus argusESBPAIGNTONJo Gregson2001
Congo peafowlAfropavo congensisEEPANTWERPENSteven Vansteenkiste1985
West African crowned craneBalearica pavoninaESBEDINBURGHNick Dowling1996
Red-crowned craneGrus japonensisEEPWALSRODERob Belterman1991
Siberian craneGrus leucogeranusEEPWALSRODERob Belterman2001
Hooded craneGrus monachaESBZUTENDAALGeer Scheres2001
White-naped craneGrus vipioEEPLEIPZIGRuben Holland1998
Wattled CraneBugeranus carunculatusESBKOLNBernd Marcordes2009
Blue craneAnthropoides paradiseaESBWARSZAWARyszard Topola1998
KaguRhynochetos jubatusEEPZUTENDAALLuud Geerlings2010
SunbitternEurypyga heliasESBFRANKFURTStefan Stadler2001
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaESBCOPENHAGENFlemming Nielsen2014
Inca ternLarosterna incaESBTORQUAYAmy Fitzgerald2007
Mauritius pink pigeonColumba mayeriEEPJERSEYCatherine Francescon1992
Socorro doveZenaida graysoniEEPFRANKFURTStefan Stadler1996
Luzon bleeding heart pigeonGallicolumba luzonicaESBBRISTOLNigel Simpson1994
Mindanao bleeding heart pigeonGallicolumba crinigerESBBRISTOLNigel Simpson1994
White-naped pheasant pigeonOtidiphaps nobilis aruensisESBBARCELONAMiguel Sierra2001
Blue crowned pigeonGoura cristataESB1990
Victoria crowned pigeonGoura victoriaESBCALVIACMylene Sannier1990
Scheepmaker's crowned pigeonGoura scheepmakeriESB1990
Black-naped fruit dovePtilinopus melanospilusESBBRISTOLKate Atwell2013
Red-vented cockatooCacatua haematuropygiaEEPBEAUVALLaure Pelletier1992
Moluccan cockatooCacatua moluccensisEEPDUBLINSandra Molloy1992
Blue-eyed cockatooCacatua ophthalmicaESBCHESTERRoger Wilkinson1997
Citron-crested cockatooCacatua sulphurea citrinocristataEEPDUBLINSandra Molloy1992
Palm cockatooProbosciger aterrimusEEPBEAUVALEric Bairrão Ruivo1992
Carnaby's black cockatooCalyptorhynchus latirostrisESBKOLNBernd Marcordes1996
Red-tailed black cockatooCalyptorhynchus banksiiESBKOLNBernd Marcordes1996
Red-and-blue loryEos histrioESBPUERTO-CRUZ Pending1998
Purple-naped loryLorius domicellusESBKOLNBernd Marcordes1997
Chattering loryLorius garrulous ESBATHINAIAnna Kazazou2000
Mount Apo lorikeetTrichoglossus johnstoniae johnstoniaeESBPUERTO-CRUZ Pending1998
KeaNestor notabilisESBBRISTOLKate Atwell1993
Red-tailed amazonAmazona brasiliensisEEPPAIGNTONLesley O Connor1994
Ecuadorian amazonAmazona autumnalis lilacinaEEPCHESTERMark Pilgrim1992
Red-spectacled amazonAmazona pretreiESBPUERTO-CRUZ Pending1997
Red-browed amazonAmazona rhodocorythaEEPPUERTO-CRUZ Pending1993
Green-cheeked amazonAmazona viridigenalisEEPAMERSFOORTRaymond van der Meer2001
Hyacinth macawAnodorhynchus hyacinthinusEEPCAMBRON-CASTEAUTim Bouts1990
Buffon's macawAra ambiguaEEPSABLES-OLONNESandrine Silhol1994
Blue-throated macawAra glaucogularisEEPCHESTERBecca Biddle1996
Mexican military macawAra militaris mexicanaESBANTWERPENSteven Vansteenkiste1994
Red-fronted macawAra rubrogenysEEPEDINBURGHJo Elliott1998
Thick-billed parrotRhynchopsitta pachyrhynchaESBEDINBURGHColin Oulton2001
Golden conureGuaruba guaroubaESBLISBOA-ZOOTelma Araujo1991
Violet turacoMusophaga violaceaESBWARSZAWAAndrzej Kruszewicz2000
Red-crested turacoTauraco erythrolophusESBBURFORDLouise Peat2006
Fischer's turacoTauraco corythaix fischeriESBANTWERPENFrederic Verstappen1999
HoopoeUpupa epopsESB1999
Toco toucanRamphastos tocoESBLONDONAdrian Walls1998
Northern ground hornbillBucorvus abyssinicusESBBEAUVALBaptiste Mulot1998
Southern ground hornbillBucorvus leadbeateriESBBEAUVALBaptiste Mulot1998
Von Der Decken's hornbillTockus deckeniESBBORASDaniel Roth2002
Wrinkled hornbillAceros corrugatusEEPPAIGNTONJo Gregson1997
Papuan wreathed hornbillRhyticeros plicatusESBWALSRODECathy King1998
Bar-pouched wreathed hornbillRhyticeros undulatusESBWALSRODECathy King1998
Great hornbillBuceros bicornisEEPALPHENJoost Lammers1996
Rhinoceros hornbillBuceros rhinocerosEEPBEAUVALEric Bairrão Ruivo1999
Black hornbillAnthracoceros malayanusESBLONDONAdrian Walls1996
Visayan tarictic hornbillPenelopides panini paniniEEPBRISTOLNigel Simpson2008
Tarictic hornbillPenelopides spp.ESBBRISTOLNigel Simpson1997
Hooded pittaPitta sordidaESBARNHEMWineke Schoo2006
Black-and-white laughingthrushGarrulax bicolorESBCHESTERAndrew Owen2009
Blue-crowned laughingthrushGarrulax courtoisiESBCHESTERLaura Gardner2006
Chestnut-backed thrushZoothera dohertyiESBWHIPSNADEJamie Graham2008
Omei Shan liocichlaLiocichla omeiensisESBBURFORDChris Green2005
Brazilian tanagerRamphocelus bresiliusESB BRISTOLNigel Simpson2012
Bali starlingLeucopsar rothschildiEEPKOLNBernd Marcordes1992
King bird of paradiseCicinnurus regiusESBALWABRASimon Matthews2008
KowariDasycercus byrneiESBPOZNANPiotr Cwiertnia1993
Tasmanian devilSarcophilus harrisiiEEPKOBENHAVN-ZOOFlemming Nielsen2013
WombatVombatus ursinusEEPDUISBURGAchim Winkler2004
KoalaPhascolarctos cinereusEEPDUISBURGAchim Winkler2013
Brush-tailed bettongBettongia penicillataEEPEAZAChristina Henke1991
Goodfellow's tree kangarooDendrolagus goodfellowiEEPKREFELDWolfgang Dressen1990
Agile wallabyMacropus agilisESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Tammar wallabyMacropus eugeniiESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Red kangarooMacropus rufusESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Western grey kangarooMacropus fuliginosusESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Great grey kangarooMacropus giganteusESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Swamp wallabyWallabia bicolorESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Brush-tailed rock wallabyPetrogale penicillataESBDALTON-FURNESSDavid Gill1999
Yellow-footed rock wallabyPetrogale xanthopus xanthopusEEPMULHOUSEBenoit Quintard2012
Fat-tailed dwarf lemurCheirogaleus mediusESBPLZENTomas Pes1997
Lesser mouse lemurMicrocebus murinusESBPLZENTomas Pes1997
Red-fronted lemurEulemur fulvus rufusESBBLACKPOOLDarren Webster2000
Crowned lemurEulemur coronatusESBMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux1996
Mongoose lemurEulemur mongozEEPLINTONKim Simmons1992
Black lemurEulemur macaco macacoEEPDUDLEYDerek Grove1992
Sclater's lemurEulemur macaco flavifronsEEPMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux1992
Red-bellied lemurEulemur rubriventerEEPMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux2007
Alaotran gentle lemurHapalemur griseus alaotrensisEEPJERSEYGale Glendewar1997
Greater bamboo lemurHapalemur simusEEPPARIS-ZOODelphine Roullet2007
Ring-tailed lemurLemur cattaESBBUSSOLENGOCaterina Spiezio1994
Red ruffed lemurVarecia rubraEEPPARIS-ZOODelphine Roullet1990
Black and white ruffed lemurVarecia variegata (excl.V. v. subcincta)EEPBANDHOLMLisbeth Hoegh1990
Belted ruffed lemurVarecia variegata subcinctaEEPPARIS-ZOODelphine Roullet2008
Crowned sifakaPropithecus coronatusEEPPARIS-ZOODelphine Roullet2007
Aye AyeDaubentonia madagascariensisEEPJERSEYRachel Cowen2004
Northern galagoGalago senegalensisESBPRAHAPavel Brandl2010
Southern galagoGalago moholiESBPRAHAPavel Brandl2010
Slender lorisLoris tardigradus nordicusEEPFRANKFURTRuediger Dmoch2004
Pygmy slow lorisNycticebus pygmaeusEEPPOZNANKatarzyna Byczyk1992
Goeldi's monkeyCallimico goeldiiEEPDUBLINSusan O Brien1992
Silvery marmosetMico argentatusESBSHALDONNic Dunn2013
White-fronted marmosetCallithrix geoffroyiEEPMADRID-FAUNIAAgustin Lopez Goya1995
Golden-headed lion tamarinLeontopithecus chrysomelasEEPANTWERPENPeter Galbusera1993
Black lion tamarinLeontopithecus chrysopygusEEPJERSEYDominic Wormell2006
Golden lion tamarinLeontopithecus rosaliaEEPWHIPSNADENick Lindsay1993
Pied tamarinSaguinus bicolor bicolorEEPJERSEYDominic Wormell2001
Emperor tamarinSaguinus imperatorEEPLISBOA-ZOOSonia Matias1994
Red bellied tamarinSaguinus labiatusESBMAGDEBURGKonstantin Ruske2004
Red-handed tamarinSaguinus midasESBTWYCROSSGreg Clifton2004
Cotton-top tamarinSaguinus oedipus oedipusEEPBRISTOLMiranda Stevenson1994
Black howler monkeyAlouatta carayaESBWROCLAWMarta Zajac-Ossowska1994
Grey-legged douroucouliAotus lemurinus griseimembraESB2001
Red-legged douroucouliAotus azarae boliviensisESB2001
Variegated spider monkeyAteles belzebuth hybridusEEPDOUE-FONTAINEFlorine Popelin Wedlarski2000
Brown-headed spider monkeyAteles fusciceps robustusEEPEMMENGea Karssemeijer1995
Red-faced black spider monkeyAteles paniscusEEPROMAGNEJean-Pascal Guery2004
Woolly monkeyLagothrix lagotrichaEEPAPELDOORNFrank Rietkerk1992
Red titiCallicebus cupreusEEPBLACKPOOLDarren Webster2002
White-throated capuchinCebus capucinusESBROMAGNEJean-Pascal Guery2005
Yellow-breasted capuchinCebus xanthosternosEEPMULHOUSEBenoit Quintard2000
Black-capped squirrel monkeySaimiri boliviensisEEPBASELAdrian Baumeyer2000
Common squirrel monkeySaimiri sciureusEEPEDINBURGHAlison Dowling2007
White-faced sakiPithecia pitheciaEEPPAIGNTONMatthew Webb2000
Allen's swamp monkeyAllenopithecus nigroviridisESBKERKRADETjerk ter Meulen1995
Patas monkeyErythrocebus patasESBCOLCHESTERSarah Forsyth2013
Moustached MonkeyCercopithecus cephusESBBEAUVALMargaux Pizzo2013
De Brazza's monkeyCercopithecus neglectusESBLODZMagdalena Janiszewska1998
Diana monkeyCercopithecus diana dianaEEPEDINBURGHDonald Gow1998
Roloway monkeyCercopithecus diana rolowayEEPMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux1998
L'Hoest's monkeyCercopithecus lhoestiEEPEDINBURGHDonald Gow1998
Owl-faced monkeyCercopithecus hamlyniEEPLEIPZIGFabian Schmidt1998
Golden-bellied mangabeyCercocebus chrysogasterEEPKERKRADETjerk ter Meulen1995
White-naped mangabeyCercocebus atys lunulatusEEPBARCELONA-ZOOMaria Teresa Abello2000
Cherry-crowned mangabeyCercocebus torquatusESBBARCELONA-ZOOMaria Teresa Abello1994
Black-crested mangabeyLophocebus aterrimusESBKERKRADETjerk ter Meulen2009
Barbary macaqueMacaca sylvanusESBAPELDOORNSian Waters2009
Sulawesi crested macaqueMacaca nigra nigraEEPPAIGNTONHolly Farmer1998
Lion-tailed macaqueMacaca silenusEEPKOLNAlexander Sliwa2000
Guinea baboonPapio papioEEPPARIS-ZOODelphine Roullet2011
DrillMandrillus leucophaeusEEPMUNCHENCarsten Zehrer1990
MandrillMandrillus sphinxEEPBUDAPESTIstvan Vidakovits1999
Gelada baboonTheropithecus geladaEEPRHEINEAchim Johann1990
Hanuman langurSemnopithecus entellusESBHANNOVERFabian Krause2003
Francois' langurTrachypithecus francoisiEEPBELFASTAndrew Hope2005
Javan langurTrachypithecus auratus auratusEEPAPELDOORNWarner Jens1998
Dusky langurTrachypithecus obscurusESBARNHEMWineke Schoo2011
Western black-and-white colobusColobus polykomosEEPDUISBURGVolker Gruen1994
Eastern black-and-white colobusColobus guerezaESBBELFASTRaymond Robinson2006
Gabriella's gibbonNomascus gabriellaeEEPMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux1991
Northern white-cheeked gibbonNomascus leucogenysEEPMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux1991
Southern white-cheeked gibbonNomascus sikiEEPMULHOUSEBrice Lefaux1991
Agile gibbonHylobates agilisEEPBRISTOLLynsey Bugg2010
Lar gibbonHylobates larEEPEMMENLisette de Ruigh1999
Javan gibbonHylobates molochEEPBEKESBOURNEMatt Ford1991
Pileated gibbonHylobates pileatusEEPZURICHRobert Zingg1996
SiamangSymphalangus syndactylusESBTWYCROSSZak Showell2001
Bornean orang-utanPongo pygmaeusEEPKARLSRUHEClemens Becker1990
Sumatran orang-utanPongo abeliiEEPKARLSRUHEClemens Becker1990
BonoboPan paniscusEEPANTWERPENZjef Pereboom1991
Common chimpanzeePan troglodytesEEPKOBENHAVN-ZOOFrands Carlsen2007
Western lowland gorillaGorilla gorilla gorillaEEPAPELDOORNFrank Rietkerk1991
Linne's two-toed slothCholoepus didactylusESBHALLEJutta Heuer1997
Hoffmann's two-toed slothCholoepus hoffmanniESBHALLEJutta Heuer1997
Giant anteaterMyrmecophaga tridactylaEEPDORTMUNDIlona Schappert1985
TamanduaTamandua tetradactylaESBKREFELDCornelia Bernhardt2002
Rodrigues fruit batPteropus rodricensisEEPCHESTERDavid White1996
Livingstone's fruit batPteropus livingstoneiESBJERSEYGale Glendewar2001
AardvarkOrycteropus aferESBARNHEMWineke Schoo1996
Rock hyraxProcavia capensisESBAMSTERDAMNicolette Snijders2008
Bush hyraxHeterohyrax bruceiESB2008
Northern Luzon cloud ratPhloeomyz pallidusESBPRAHAPavel Brandl2010
Southern Luzon cloud ratPhloeomyz cumingiiESBPRAHAPavel Brandl2010
North African gundiCtenodactylys gundiESBDUSSELDORFSandra Honigs2009
Val's gundiCtenodactylys valiESBDUSSELDORFSandra Honigs2009
Azara's agoutiDasyprocta azaraeESBNEWQUAYJohn Meek2009
Iberian wolfCanis lupus signatusEEPBARCELONA-ZOOConrad Ensenat1996
Maned wolfChrysocyon brachyurusEEPLEIPZIGRuben Holland1990
DholeCuon alpinusEEPERFURTHeike Maisch2006
African wild dogLycaon pictusEEPLYMPNERichard Barnes1990
Bat-eared foxOtocyon megalotisESBBANHAMMike Woolham2011
Bush dogSpeothos venaticusEEPLYMPNENeville Buck1990
Fennec foxVulpes zerdaESBKRAKOWAnna Mekarska2001
Spotted hyenaCrocuta crocutaESBAMERSFOORTRaymond van der Meer1999
Striped hyenaHyaena hyaenaESBLISIEUXFrederic Houssaye1999
Malayan sun bearHelarctos malayanusESBKOLNLydia Kolter1994
Sloth bearMelursus ursinusEEPLEIPZIGSandra Langguth1990
Spectacled bearTremarctos ornatusEEPKOLNLydia Kolter1990
Brown bearUrsus arctosESBORG-AlertisJose Kok1994
Polar bearUrsus maritimusEEPAMSTERDAMJanos Szantho2006
Asiatic black bearUrsus thibetanusESBWARSZAWAMaria Krakowiak1994
European otterLutra lutraEEPPARIS-ZOOElodie Rey1994
Giant otterPteronura brasiliensisEEPDORTMUNDFrank Brandstaetter2003
WolverineGulo guloEEPHUNNEBOSTRANDLeif Blomqvist1997
European minkMustela lutreolaEEPTALLINNTiit Maran1992
KinkajouPotos flavusESBNEWQUAYFranck Haelewyn2002
Red pandaAilurus fulgens fulgensEEPROTTERDAMJanno Weerman1990
FossaCryptoprocta feroxEEPDUISBURGAchim Winkler1994
Marbled polecatVormela peregusnaESBBELFASTAllan Galway2009
Yellow-throated martenMartes flavigula borealis/aterrimaESBHUNNEBOSTRANDEwa Wikberg2012
BinturongArctictis binturongESBPARIS-JARDINAude Bourgeois1997
Owston's civetChrotogale owstoniEEPNewquayOwen Taylor2011
Southern cheetahAcinonyx jubatus jubatusEEPHILVARENBEEKLars Versteege1992
Northern cheetahAcinonyx jubatus soemmerringiEEPFOTASean McKeown1992
Asian golden catCatopuma temminckiiEEPHEIDELBERGSandra Reichler1993
Sand catFelis margaritaEEPNESLESGregory Breton1998
Black-footed catFelis nigripesEEPWUPPERTALAndre Stadler1994
OncillaLeopardus tigrinusESBPRAHAPavel Brandl2004
MargayLeopardus wiediiEEPNEWQUAYSam Harley1996
Eurasian lynxLynx lynxESBHILVARENBEEKLars Versteege2002
Geoffroy's catLeopardus geoffroyiEEPAMERSFOORTRaymond van der Meer1996
Pallas' catOtocolobus manulEEPEDINBURGHDavid Barclay1997
Rusty-spotted catPrionailurus rubiginosus phillipsiESBFRANKFURTThomas Wilms1994
Fishing catPrionailurus viverrinusEEPDECINMilada Rehakova1998
Clouded leopardNeofelis nebulosaEEPBEKESBOURNEMark Hawkes1990
Asian lionPanthera leo persicusEEPAALBORGRikke Kruse Nielsen1994
JaguarPanthera oncaESBCHESTERMark Pilgrim1998
Sri lankan leopardPanthera pardus kotiyaEEPLISIEUXThierry Jardin1996
Amur leopardPanthera pardus orientalisEEPLONDONJo Cook1993
Persian leopardPanthera pardus saxicolorEEPLisboa-ZooJosé Dias Ferreira1990
North Chinese leopardPanthera pardus japonensisEEPHAMBURGMichael Flügger2003
Amur tigerPanthera tigris altaicaEEPLONDONJo Cook2010
Sumatran tigerPanthera tigris sumatraeEEPLONDONMalcolm Fitzpatrick2010
Snow leopardUncia unciaEEPHUNNEBOSTRANDLeif Blomqvist1990
South American fur sealArctocephalus australisESBDORTMUNDStephanie Zech1999
Patagonian sealionOtaria byroniaESBTWYCROSSOlivia Walter1999
Californian sealionZalophus californianusESBRHENENGerard Meijer1992
Grey sealHalichoerus grypusESBWARSZAWAMaria Krakowiak2000
Bottle-nosed dolphinTursiops truncatusEEPHARDERWIJKNiels van Elk1994
Caribbean manateeTrichechus manatusEEPNURNBERGLorenzo von Fersen2002
Asian elephantElephas maximusEEPROTTERDAMMartin van Wees1993
African elephantLoxodonta africanaEEPWIEN-ZOOHarald Schwammer1992
Somali wild assEquus africanus somalicusEEPBASELOlivier Pagan2002
Przewalski's horseEquus przewalskiEEPKOLNLydia Kolter1990
Grevy's zebraEquus grevyiEEPMARWELLTanya Langenhorst1991
Turkmenian kulanEquus hemionus kulanEEPKRAKOWAnna Mekarska1990
OnagerEquus hemionus onagerEEPHAMBURGStephan Hering-Hagenbeck1990
Hartmann's mountain zebraEquus zebra hartmannaeEEPMARWELLTanya Langenhorst1993
White rhinocerosCeratotherium simumEEPHILVARENBEEKLars Versteege1992
Black rhinocerosDiceros bicornisEEPCHESTERMark Pilgrim1990
Indian rhinocerosRhinoceros unicornisEEPBASELOlivier Pagan1990
Malayan tapirTapirus indicusEEPNURNBERGHelmut Magdefrau1992
Lowland tapirTapirus terrestrisEEPAude Desmoulins1993
Pygmy hippopotamusChoeropsis liberiensisEEPBASELOlivier Pagan1992
Common hippoHippopotamus amphibiusESBOSTRAVAJan Pluhacek2006
BabirusaBabyrousa babyrussaEEPKRONBERGThomas Kauffels1990
Visayan warty pigSus cebifrons negrinusEEPPOZNANLidia Przybylska2007
WarthogPhacochoerus africanusESBMALTONRoss Snipp2001
Red river hogPotamochoerus porcus pictusEEPDUISBURGJochen Reiter2008 (2001 ESB)
VicuñaLama vicugnaEEPZURICHChristian Schmidt1985
European bisonBison bonasusEEPKINGUSSIEDouglas Richardson1995
GaurBos gaurusEEPPARIS-JARDINAude Bourgeois1993
BantengBos javanicusEEPLISIEUXDorothee Ordonneau1993
African buffaloSyncerus cafferESBBANHAMDanny de Man2010
AnoaBubalus depressicornisEEPLEIPZIGGerd Notzold1990
Lesser Malayan mousedeerTragulus javanicusEEPAMSTERDAMChristiane Willard1992
Burmese brow-antlered deerRucervus eldii thaminESBCHESTERMatt Hartley2013
Visayan spotted deerRusa alfrediESBLANDAUChristina Schubert2013
Indochinese sika deerCervus nippon pseudaxisEEPOSTRAVAJana Pluháčková1990
White-lipped deerCervus (Przewalskium) albirostisESBWARSZAWARyszard Topola2013
Bactrian wapitiCervus elaphus bactrianusESBCHOMUTOVPavel Krásenský1994
Mesopotamian fallow deerDama mesopotamicaEEPKRONBERGThomas Kauffels1990
Hog deerAxis porcinusESBPOZNANLidia Przybylska2012
Forest reindeerRangifer tarandus fennicusESBHUNNEBOSTRANDLeif Blomqvist2001
Chilean puduPudu puduEEPWUPPERTALAndre Stadler2001
GiraffeGiraffa camelopardalisEEPGELSENKIRCHENJörg Jebram1990
OkapiOkapia johnstoniEEPANTWERPENSander Hofman1990
BlesbokDamaliscus dorcasESBERFURT Pending1998
Dama gazelleGazella damaEEPALMERIAGerardo Espeso Pajares1990
Saharawi dorcas gazelleGazella dorcas neglectaEEPALMERIATeresa Abaigar2002
Cuvier's gazelleGazella cuvieriEEPALMERIAEulalia Moreno2007
Kirk's dik-dikMadoqua kirkiiESBHANNOVERKlaus Muller-Schilling1999
Lowland nyalaTragelaphus angasiiESBLISBOA-ZOOSusana Nolasco1996
Eastern bongoTragelaphus eurycerus isaaciEEPCHESTERNick Davis1992
Lesser kuduTragelaphus imberbisESBBASELBeatrice Steck1997
Western sitatungaTragelaphus spekii gratusESBKOLNPeter Zwanzger1999
Greater kuduTragelaphus strepsicerosESBGELSENKIRCHENJörg Jebram2000
AddaxAddax nasomaculatusEEPHANNOVERHeiner Engel1991
Roan antelopeHippotragus equinusEEPHANNOVERKlaus Brunsing1998
Sable antelopeHippotragus niger nigerESBGIVSKUDKim Simonsen2002
Scimitar-horned oryxOryx dammahEEPMARWELLTania Gilbert1991
Arabian oryxOryx leucoryxEEPMARWELLIan Goodwin1991
LechweKobus lecheESBFOTAJohn McLaughlin2007
Nile lechweKobus megacerosEEPWHIPSNADENick Lindsay1996
TakinBudorcas taxicolorESBKINGUSSIEDouglas Richardson2009
East Caucasian turCapra cylindricornisESBTALLINNVladimir Fainstein1996
Turkmenian markhorCapra falconeri heptneriEEPHELSINKINina Trontti1997
West Caucasian turCapra caucasicaESBOLOMOUCJitka Vokurkova1997
Nubian ibexCapra nubianaESBOBTERREPatrick Roux2003
Japanese serowNaemorhedus crispusESBWIEN-ZOOSimone Haderthauer2007
Chinese goralNaemorhedus caudatusESBKINGUSSIE Pending2009
Musk oxOvibos moschatusEEPKOBENHAVN-ZOOMikkel Stelvig1991
Blue sheepPseudois nayaurESBPARIS-JARDINJean-Luc Berthier1997
Saharan Barbary sheep Ammotragus lervia sahariensisESBAlmeriaGerardo Espeso Pajares2012
 


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