Codes and Standards
The documents** below set out how EAZA functions as an organisation and how EAZA members are expected to carry out activities that fall under EAZA's remit. Any zoo or aquarium considering applying for membership of EAZA should study these documents carefully before submitting their application. Please note that the documents presented here are revised from time to time.
The EAZA Code of Practice is a useful summary of the main obligations of EAZA members.
**These documents are published on the public area of the EAZA website. There are other documents which are made available only to EAZA Members. These can be found on the relevant committee page in the Member Area. For example, EEP procedural documents are available from the EEP Committee page.
These are the core documents that govern and direct the functioning of EAZA as an organisation and the activities of its members.
Constitution of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (2006)
EAZA Code of Practice (2004)
European Union Zoo Directive (1999)
Sanctions in the case of a violation of the EAZA Code of Practice, Code of Ethics, or EEP procedures (2010)
Standards & Policies
EAZA members are obliged to comply with the provisions set out in the documents listed below. Other important documents concerning member participation in EEPs (European Endangered species Programmes) and ESBs (European StudBooks) can be found in the member area of the website.
Code of Ethics (2009)
EAZA Minimum Standards for the Accommodation and Care of Animals in Zoos and Aquaria (2008)
EAZA Education Standards (2008)
- German translation
EAZA Research Standards (2003) - should be read in conjuction with the Research Strategy (available below)
The EAZA Code of Practice also requires members to observe the following guidelines documents from the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).
IUCN Guidelines on the Management of ex situ Populations for Conservation (2002)
IUCN/SSC Guidelines for Reintroductions (1995)
EAZA statements provide guidance for members on key issues.
EAZA Bear TAG Statement (2012)
EAZA Euthanasia Statement (2011)
- French translation (2011)
- Spanish translation (2012)
- German translation (2012)
Memoranda of Understanding
Memoranda of Understanding symbolise EAZA's collaboration with other appropriate organisations with the aims of strengthening links and sharing best practice.
EAZA EAAM Memorandum of Understanding (2010)
EAZA EAZWV Memorandum of Understanding (2011)
EAZA regularly develops strategic plans to guide the activities of the organisation for a set period. These strategy documents are published externally where it is judged that there will be a benefit in doing so. Other strategies are available in the General Strategic Documents library in the Member Area of the website.
EAZA Research Strategy (2008)
- German translation
- Russian translation
- Spanish translation
- Swedish translation
EAZA Plant Conservation Strategy (2013-2016)
Strategic Plan 2013-2016: EAZA Moving Forward in the UN Decade of Biodiversity
- Low resolution
- High resolution
EAZA Strategy and Action Plan 2009-2012 (Member Area only)
EAZA Fundraising Strategy 2009-2012 (Member Area only)
EAZA Lobbying Strategy 2009-2012 (Member Area only)
EAZA Education and Exhibit Design Committee Strategic Aims 2013-2016
EAZA also contributed to the development of the following WAZA strategies, which are fully endorsed by EAZA.
World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Strategy (2005)
Turning the Tide: A Global Aquarium Strategy for Conservation and Sustainability (2009)